There was a very interesting article on criticism in the textile arts in the Fall 2008 Surface Design Journal. The author, Maria Buzsek (art historian and critic at Kansas City Art Institute) feels there is a deep divide between what she calls “quilting grannies” and emerging conceptual artists. She felt that her students’ work was “freewheeling, diverse and conceptual” as opposed to the “formalist or utilitarian” work seen in many fiber shows.
She wonders why there are not more fiber shows that feature more adventurous and conceptual artists such as Tracy Emin, Allyson Mitchell, Jenny Hart, Mark Newport, Erica Spitzer Rasmussen, Orly Cogan, Yinka Shonibare, Ghada Amer and Two Girls Working.
She felt that there are two very different types of work evident in today’s textile art world:
the “craft world” which insists upon the romance of the medium
versus the "art world" focused on the romance of the conceptual. And as a result many contemporary artists in this medium find themselves caught in between these two extremes.
Buzsek feels that part of the blame lies with the museums – who have historically tended to divide themselves between the decorative and the conceptual, and journals/magazines who have done likewise. (However, there are now beginning to be some shows – here in the US – particularly the two shows at the American Craft Museum aka Museum of Art and Design: Pricked: Extreme Embroidery and Radical Lace and Subversive Knitting that do support a middle ground. And several other such shows around the world – especially in
Another reason for the divide is because people choose to work in fibre for social or historical reasons rather than wishing to “plumb the unique material properties (of the medium)”.
She concludes: “artists working with craft mediums ignore the theory and criticism of the broader contemporary art world at their peril”. Firstly, because in doing so one would miss the work that is being shown in the fine art world that draws upon textile history and secondly, because by seeing and thinking about such work one might be led to further discoveries, further adventures and depths of one’s own. Instead, each world could enhance the other.…not two sets of people divided but each benefiting by a close knowledge of the work of the other. A marriage of medium and concept!
Perhaps then there might be a dialogue between Tracy Emin and the quilting grannies instead of each group looking down on the other, each being informed and enlightened by the other.
In the last 2 years, I saw both the Pricked and Radical shows in NYC, Ghada Amer’s work in
And, if you have been, thanks for reading!